Joining me is Tom. Hi there Tom. Hi, Neil and hi to our audience. Happy New Year. Today’S story is about President Trump concerning his recent phonecall about the US election. OK.. Well, if you want to test yourself on thisvocabulary that we cover in the programme, you can find a quiz on ourwebsite bbclearningenglish.com.. Now let’s hear some more about thatstory from this BBC News report. So the story is about US President Donald Trump, who lost last year’s US presidentialelection. He’s due to leave office. This month. Trump was recorded, making a phonecall to a politician in Georgia.. In this phone call, Trump asked thepolitician to give him extra votes so that he can challengethe results of the election.. Many people, including Vice President electKamala, Harris call this an abuse of power. OK., Well you’ve beenlooking around at this story, picking out the interesting words and expressions. You’ve chosen three.. What are they? I have three words, Neil and they’reall concerned with this idea of power.. The words are ‘pressed’ ‘overturn’ and ’tilt’. ‘Pressed’ ‘overturn’ and ’tilt’.. So Tom let’s hear your first headlineplease with that word ‘pressed’.. My first headline is from The Guardian in the UK: ‘Pressed’ try to persuadesomeone to do something. Yeah.. So ‘pressed’ is the past simple of thisbase form. ‘Press’, which means to exert power. So, for example, this word ‘press’ Imight use when I went across the road and you have to make the littlered figure turn to a green figure so that you can cross the road you’press’.
The button.. Is this the same thing Yeah exactly. Or you can ‘press’ the buttonon your TV remote to change the channel.. You exert pressure on it. Andpressure P, R E S, S … is a noun.. Sorry, P, R E S S! U R E is a nounand. They have this root word ‘press’., Yeah. Pressure means force. OK.. So when I was talking about pushingmy finger onto something to make it move, that was a literal meaning of the word, but thisis more figurative in this headline, isn’t it Yeah. It’s, more … it’s, not physicalpower. Like when you push the button, it’s political power here., So the headlineis about Donald Trump, applying force or applying pressure to try and make theGeorgia politician do something for him. OK.. Now, when I’m out and about in the summer, which seems like a long timeago and a long time to come with my kids, whenever we see an ice creamvan, they always want to have an ice cream.. Can I say they ‘press’ me to buy anice cream. Does that sound normal? Ah, you could say that, and I would understandyou, but it sounds strange. You know.. It sounds too formal, like perhaps you’re speakingfrom 100 years ago, or something like that. So ‘press’. We would usuallyuse for more serious situations like the results of a democraticelection. Very serious. Children buying ice creams, not so serious. That’s. What you think OK. Let’shave let’s have a summary. If you like stories about DonaldTrump, we have loads of them and we’ve picked out one in particular, thatthey can find.
. How can they find it Tom? You can find it by clicking the link. OK.. Now let’s have a look at your next headline.. My next headline is from theUS from Fox News. It says ‘Overturn’ change, orreverse a decision or ruling. Yeah., So here ‘overturn’. All one word is a verb, and here it needs an object when we’retalking about ‘overturning’ a decision., So the object in the title is ‘Biden’s. Win’. OK. Might be useful to think aboutthis again in a literal sense, because in this headline it’sused in a figurative sense. Once a week, we put out our rubbish bins here and often in the morning. I notice thatthere’s food waste all over the ground because there are foxes, andthe foxes, ‘overturn’, the bins. They do, especially at Christmas. Yeah., So yeah ‘overturn’ in thephysical sense means to kind of flip things over or turn them turn them over everywhere.. You notice, I use the phrasal verbthere as well: ‘to turn over’, which is a more informal way, ofsaying exactly the same. Thing. Yeah., Interesting isn’t. It There’s thisword ‘overturn’, which is more formal and then there’s, ‘turn, over’ whichcontains the same elements but in reverse and as two words as a phrasalverb and that’s, more informal. That’s, the main difference, isn’t it Yeah and …. As a rule, phrasalverbs are generally more informal than a sort of direct verb like this., OK. Let’s have a summary. If you would like to learn about theword ‘turn’ used in informal ways, we have the perfect video for youand a great story as well.
Tom. Eight uses of ‘turn’ told through apopular fairy story, Hansel and Gretel.. You can find it by clicking the link. OK. Let’s have a look at your next headline., Our next headline from CNN in the US it says – And the word is ’tilt’. ‘Tilt’ unbalance or change infavour of someone or something. Yeah. So ’tilt’. This has thiskey idea of not being balanced.. You gave us a good example: inrehearsal Neil.. Can you tell us Yeah OK., So, have you everbeen on a ship or a boat Tom? I have yes. In … in bad weather, Yeah. Yeah.. The ship is not balanced isit. It ’tilts’ from one side to the other. Exactly., So synonyms for’tilt’ are ‘slope’ and ‘lean’ and it has this idea of becoming off balanceoff centre or sloping to one side. I’m, demonstrating with this pad of paperhere it’s ’tilting’ to one direction.. Yes and balance really is the key tounderstanding. This word ’tilt’ isn’t it Both in the literal sense like the ship I talkedabout …, but also in a figurative sense. Yeah. In the figurative sense, we’re talkingabout …, almost like a balance of power., So Trump is trying to. According to the report, Trump is trying to unbalancethe result of the US election.. Now this will he’s hoping that thiswill ’tilt’ things in favour of him., Yeah and ‘favour’ is a wordoften used with ’tilt’. Yeah ’tilt in favour’.. We also there aretwo very common words. We use with ’tilt’ and these are ’tilt towards’, or’tilt against’.
. So if something …, if you ’tilt towards’ somethingyou favour it, this is positive.. If you ’tilt against’, somethingthen you’re, not in favour of it., For example, I could say ‘My grandfathertilts towards Conservative politics and Conservative politicians’because. This is his favoured style., OK. And ’tilt’ we’ve talked about here is a verb. It’s, also a noun ‘a tilt’.. Something can have a ’tilt’. Yeah.. If you say ‘There is apolitical tilt in the situation’. It means there is political bias in the situation and it could ’tilt towards’ one side: itcould ’tilt against’, a different side. OK. Let’s get a summary of that Time. Now, Tom for a recapof, our vocabulary, please. A recap of today’s vocabulary. We had ‘pressed’ tried to persuadesomeone to do something., ‘Overturn’ change, orreverse, a decision or ruling. And ’tilt’ unbalance or changein favour of someone or something. Don’t forget to test yourself on thisvocabulary on our website bbclearningenglish.com, and you can find us all over social media.. Thanks for joining us. See you next time. Goodbye. See you next time.