This meant that you couldn’t exactly tell whether one brand of watches had a better water resistance rating than you know, another brand of watches. This is why, back in 1976, the international electromechanical commission, or the iec for short, standardized the water resistance rating by introducing the ingress protection rating or, as we know it, the ip rating. This meant that you could now easily discern how good against water or dust is a given device, and 34 years later, the first water resistant smartphone was released, it’s the motorola defy or defy, which features an ip67 rating for dust and water protection. Of course, back in 2010, this was still not a mainstream feature, so it took us a few more years to actually have it incorporated into all major flagships. Moving on to 2013, when sony released their flagship, first flagship with water resistance rating, the sony, xperia z, featuring an ip55 and ip57 rating following sony, then sleep of faith was samsung with their samsung galaxy s5 released around 2014 featuring an ip67 rating, and afterwards around the Year 2016, in apple’s fashion of tried and true, they released the first iphone, the iphone 7 to feature an ip67 rating or basically any water resistance at all. From that point, on almost all flagship and some mid range devices feature some form of water resistance which, while it does make a phone harder to repair, is also a good benefit for the average consumer kind of a good trade off.
For instance, you can go out right now and buy a relatively, not too expensive phone, for instance the galaxy a52, and it will have water resistance, which is pretty cool. If you ask me nowadays, you can expect ratings as high as ip68 on all samsung flagships since the s7, but what exactly does that mean and how does it differ from ipx8 or ip6x well to the code? This is rather simple. If we have our chart from the iec handy, the first number is for how tightly sealed your device is against hard objects, such as dust. The scale goes from zero, meaning no protection at all to six, which is dust type, and the second number shows you how resistant your device is to liquids. The scale goes from zero, meaning no protection at all, all the way to nine, which means that your device should withstand high pressure and high temperature water jets, but that still doesn’t answer the question. What exactly is ip? You know x8, like what’s the x. Well, the x symbol is different from the rest. It usually indicates that the device has not been tested for such resistance, meaning that a phone with an ipx7 rating is water resistant for depths up to 1.5 meters for 30 minutes and is of unknown, thus resistance on the topic of the number 7, the ip rating. Usually specifies the depth and time for it, but not for the 8th rating. To give an example, the iphone 12 has an ip68 rating, meaning that it’s dust proof regarding water resistance, though it’s one level below the max and devices rated with an 8 should withstand being submerged in water depths, but those depths have to be specified by the manufacturer.
In the case of the iphone 12, it is advertised as being able to go as deep as 6 meters for 30 minutes now, since there is no specific depth measurement, you do have a difference, of course, for instance, on the samsung galaxy s21 ultra. It also has an ip68 rating, but it’s only rated for going as deep as 1.5 meters for 30 minutes. Putting it. This way shows us that the ip rating from the iec is basically a minimum standard. The device has to pass in order to get certified from that point on companies may try to advertise higher or lower numbers for their resistance, so yeah it’s kind of a bit of a template. We also often see certain companies branding water resistant phones as being waterproof, which is pretty much wrong. No phone is truly waterproof, because that would imply that water simply cannot penetrate the device or even if it managed to it, shouldn’t really harm it. The icing on the cake is the fact that manufacturers can certify their devices themselves, which means that there could be bias in the testing procedure. Let’S also not forget. The dip rating scale is not mutually inclusive, or in other words a rating of ip66 is not less good or better than an ip68 rating, and a device can be certified for both such as in the case of the sony, xperia z, which is certified for ip55 And ip57, furthermore, age can and will degrade the phone’s water or dust resistance.
Rubber seals and glue tend to degrade with time. Chlorine, salt and heat also help if you have been in the pool or the sea during the summer, which is why, on some smart bands and smart watches, you can see in the commercials commercials how they mentioned that they’re, not exactly uh resistant to salt water. Dropping your phone is also a good way to lose your water or dust resistance, since the impact from the fall could damage the glue holding the phone together or you could essentially chip off a part which could expose the inside of your. You know electronic components and if that was enough most, if not all, companies don’t cover water damage, even if your phone is water resistant, which is a bit of a madness, but i can understand at the same time since you’re a company trying to make money. So if you bring your device to a certified repair center, they usually check small stickers, which turn from white to a certain bright color. In order to indicate that water has been on the inside, the stickers are usually on these tiny circuit circuit boards of your phone or on the inside of the screen anywhere on the inside. Actually, but sometimes the damage is even more obvious if there is corrosion on the inside of your phone, which happens if there is prolonged exposure to water now, there are also rugged phones which companies like to produce from time to time and mark it as being better At impact, protection and water resistance phones such as the galaxy s7 and galaxy s8, for instance, received rugged variants.
Um such as the galaxy s7 active and galaxy s8 active respectively, which were you know, marketed at a time as being pretty hardcore and rugged. I remember um commercial. Was it from a certain youtuber where they actually played hockey with the s8 active? It was pretty fun, i got ta admit, but at the same time you kind of wonder: are they really that more resistant than regular fans? Well, of course, as it turned out, they weren’t really that better at water resistance or dust resistance than regular devices. In essence, some of them do have an advantage by having a rubber flap to seal the charging port or headphone jack, which is kind of easier to service than actually having a rubber seal on the inside of your charging port or headphone jack and it’s. Also more secure, but at the same time you could also forget to kind of close the flap and water could go inside, so there are pros and cons to this sort of design. Now, essentially, there are non rugged phones, which also use this type of design for helping water resistance. For instance, the samsung galaxy s5 was one such device and from the bracket variants we have almost all the blackvue phones and also some other phones. So essentially, if you want a device which has a rubber, you know kind of cap, you actually have to check individually. Another benefit and also disadvantage to rugged phones is that sometimes they incorporate a plastic display instead of a glass one immediately to your head, pops up plastic, that’s, cheap, but at the same time, plastic is also more durable to kind of impact.
Basically it’s, not really great. At scratches or melting because, as you may have thought up, if you leave it on the dashboard of your car, such a device would have its screen, melted and leave white spots on it. But at the same time, if you were to drop your device often this is actually a good thing, since it won’t really crack and let water inside or dust for that matter. So as a conclusion to our quick trip around the history of water resistance, the ip rating is a universal form of measurement by which you can tell how dust and water resistance an electronic device is and as easy as it is to decode an ip rating. It’S. Not the ultimate way to judge your device resistance to the elements and as much as companies would like to sell you, the idea of the perfect water and dust resistant fan. Such a device does not exist sure some rugged variants exist which are slightly better but they’re still far from the mark of waterproof. So by all means check third party tests and read the warranty carefully. The next time you decide to buy a phone or any electronic device in general with an ip rating.